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Francis of Assisi preaching to the birds; the sacrifice of St. Maximillian Kolbe giving up his life so another can live. This book gives a short outline of the origins of the devotions to Mary and the saints, the way in which saints are proclaimed today, and the place apparitions of Mary have in the context of the Church. From the introductionCatholic Basics: A Pastoral Series offers an in-depth yet accessible understanding of the fundamentals of the Catholic faith for adults, both those active in pastoral ministry and those preparing for ministry.

The series helps readers explore the Catholic tradition and apply what they have learned to their lives and ministry situations. Condition: New. Revised edition. Language: English. Brand new Book. Seller Inventory AAC More information about this seller Contact this seller. Book Description Loyola Press, Never used!. Seller Inventory Book Description Loyola Press.

Seller Inventory ZZN. Book Description Paperback. Shipping may be from multiple locations in the US or from the UK, depending on stock availability. New copy - Usually dispatched within 2 working days. Seller Inventory B Seller Inventory ING James P. Genesis does not contain myth or legend. That is Church teaching. Challenge anyone, who teaches differently, to produce their sources from a magisterial document. They cannot do it. They can, however, produce countless books and articles by "theologians".

Not good enough. A friend of mine said that his church takes the Bible literally, but that the Catholic Church doesn't Actually, there is no truth to that, whatsoever. Catholics interpret the Bible in a "literal" sense, while many fundamentalists, Evangelicals, and others interpret the Bible in a literalist sense.

Literal, or Catholic, interpretation vs. How should I respond to someone who asks me if I've been saved, or born again? Answer with a resounding, "Yes! I have a friend who says that Baptism is a symbolic act and that it has nothing to do with salvation By showing them what the Bible says. First, nowhere does the Bible say that Baptism is merely a "symbolic" act Second, let's see what the Bible does say about Baptism: Ezek , it says, "I will sprinkle clean water upon you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses Why do Catholics confess their sins to a priest, rather than going directly to God?

Well, the quick answer is because that's the way God wants us to do it. In James , God, through Sacred Scripture, commands us to "confess our sins to one another. A friend of mine has been reading the "Left Behind" books that have all of this stuff about the "Rapture" in them No, there's not. The "Rapture" refers to a passage in First Thessalonians, chapter 4, which talks about Christians being "caught up" in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air.

Many Christians believe, and the "Left Behind" books promote, that this being "caught up" to meet the Lord will occur before the Great Tribulation which is headed our way in the near future. Christians will simply vanish, meet Jesus somewhere in the air, and then return with Him to Heaven to await the end of time But notice, in verse 17, Paul says that " The Bible clearly says that Jesus had brothers and sisters, but the Catholic Church teaches that Mary was a perpetual virgin Mk says, "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses, and Judas and Simon, and are not His sisters here with us?

An example of this can be seen in Gen , where Lot, who was Abraham's nephew, is called his brother. My Protestant friends say that their church goes by the Bible Alone, but that the Catholic Church has added a lot of man-made traditions to the Word of God No, it is not true.

Protestants have as their sole rule of faith the written Word of God, which we find in Sacred Scripture. And listen to what Paul says about "tradition": 2 Thes , "So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught by us, either by word of mouth or by letter. In 1 Timothy it says that Jesus is our sole mediator, yet we pray to Mary and the Saints. Is that going against the Bible? Therefore, praying to the saints goes against the Bible because you are making them mediators between God and man, you are diminishing Jesus' role as the sole mediator!

No, it's not and let's see why not. The Bible says to call no man Father, so why do we call our priests "Father"? Matthew , "And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in Heaven. In other words, if you interpret this passage to say, absolutely, that no man is to be called father, you cannot distinguish between calling a priest, father, and calling the man who is married to your mother, father.

Why do Catholics call Mary the Queen of Heaven? Doesn't God rebuke the Israelites in the O. Should we not refer to Mary with that title, therefore, since it is the title of a false goddess? In Jeremiah , God is indeed upset with the Israelites for worshipping a false goddess called the "queen of heaven".

However, just because God rebuked them for worshipping the false queen of heaven, doesn't mean that we cannot pay honor to the true Queen of Heaven In Romans, chapter 3, it says that none is righteous and that all have sinned, but the Catholic Church teaches that Mary is without sin Romans 3, verse 10 says, " If absolutely no one is righteous, then who is James talking about? Luke chapter 1 says that Elizabeth and Zechariah were righteous before God. If absolutely no one is righteous, then how can that be? Is Scripture contradicting itself?

No, the folks who interpret Romans as saying absolutely, without exception, no one is righteous, are misinterpreting that passage. They are failing to realize that the key to understanding Romans is the phrase, "it is written. Why do Protestants not believe John 6 when it says that Jesus' flesh is real food and that His blood is real drink? I don't know! How do you answer that? The Catholic Church does not now, nor has it ever, taught a doctrine of salvation by works How do I respond to someone who believes that only the "chosen" ones are saved?

A Baptist friend of mine asked me where in the Bible does it use the word Pope or say anything about the Pope? Is that true? Absolutely not. For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will He spare you Once saved always saved? I need some help. Sometimes when I share my Catholic faith with people, they mention to me that Catholics like to drink alcohol and how wrong that is. How do I respond to this? I would ask them to tell you where in the Scriptures does it say anything about drinking alcohol being wrong?

Quick answer: it doesn't. It says getting drunk is wrong, but it doesn't say merely drinking is wrong. In fact, it tells us just the opposite: 1 Tim , "Deacons likewise must be serious, not double-tongued, not addicted to much wine I heard criticism about the luxuriousness of the Vatican and St. Peter's, while there are so many poor people. Where did the money come from to build these things? How much of parish money goes "to the Pope"? Can you please give me some defense of this line of questioning?

First of all, if someone is critical of the Vatican, are they also critical of the Temple of Solomon 1 Kings 6? By all accounts, the Temple of Solomon would have made the Vatican look rather poor by comparison. Should the Israelites not have built the Temple of Solomon? Should they have used all the resources that went into it to feed the poor instead? I was in a religious discussion today and was asked why our commandments are different than the Protestant version. Can you help? Our 10 Commandments do not differ from the Protestant version in content, there is simply a difference in how they are organized.

The Protestants first two commandments are: 1 I am the Lord thy God, thou shalt not have any false gods before me; 2 Thou shalt not make any graven images And, their last commandment is simply: Thou shalt not covet. The Catholic Church does, in a sense, make an altar call at every Mass. When people approach the altar to receive Communion, they are indeed accepting Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior, as they accept His body and blood into their bodies.

Jesus says in John 6, verse 51 and following, that unless you eat His flesh and drink His blood, you have no life in you. If you eat His flesh and drink His blood, you will have eternal life He says, and He will raise you up at the last day. First, ask your father-in-law if he agrees with the statement that one must be a member of the Body of Christ in order to be saved. As a Methodist, he should say that he agrees.

Col Did Mary have other children besides Jesus? The Church teaches that Mary was a perpetual virgin. How would you respond to that? I would respond by showing that Jerusalem actually fits the description of the harlot of Babylon, while the Catholic Church does not. As a harlot. Because the relationship between God and Israel was often described in marital terms. Therefore, when Israel would worship false gods, she was described as a harlot. Hosea , "Rejoice not, O Israel You have loved a harlot's hire upon all threshing floors.

Some may say, "Well, of course the beast is Rome - the city on seven hills - but, the harlot is the city within the city, Vatican City, where the Catholic Church is headquartered. When John wrote Revelation, he spoke of the harlot in the present tense: " IS the great city which HAS dominion over the kings of the earth. Catholics say that faith and works are necessary for salvation and that one has to be baptized in order to be saved; yet, the Good Thief did no works and was not baptized, and still Jesus told him he would be in paradise.

No, it does not. I have a question for you that my son asked. In the Creed we read: "He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty, from there He shall come to judge the living and the dead. Directly after death or at a later time? There is a particular judgment at the moment of death, and there will be a general judgment at the end of time. I have an Evangelical friend at work who claims that the Catholic belief in Purgatory is not scriptural. What should I say to him? My brother-in-law lives in [up-state] New York.

His parish priest conducts "general confessions" and gives general absolution.

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Now my brother-in-law believes that he no one needs to go to private confession. Is this true? Please help me to respond to this. I was taught from other Christian churches that baptism must be by immersion, but the Catholics sprinkle. I see nowhere in the Bible that I can find where it specifically states there is a certain way to be baptized, just that is says "by water".

Can you tell me if there is any material on the matter or is that an "open to interpretation" thing? We are homeschoolers who have a very good friend who's a "Bible-Only" Christian. I try my best to be polite, explaining the best I can about what Catholic-Christians believe. During Lent, I took her to the Stations of the Cross at our parish, since her church "didn't do much before Easter.

However, when we got in the car, she questioned me on Veronica - saying she is not in the Bible and so on. How should I respond about Veronica? Do you have any more questions along those same lines?

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Where in the Bible does it say anything about the Mass and the notion of it being a sacrifice? At some of these a communion service is offered. I have been told that communion by someone other then an ordained priest, from the lineage of Peter, is not communion and there is no problem. It is just a symbol and not a real communion. What is the ruling on taking communion at these services? I have seen a good number of non-Christians living a righteous life.

Will they not enter the Kingdom of God? Where in the Bible does it say anything about priestly celibacy? I have a friend who says that the Catholic Church is going contrary to the Bible by requiring celibacy for its priests. I want to answer that question by first using Scripture and then by using some common sense. Not at all. To demonstrate the very scriptural nature of the doctrine of Purgatory, I want to first establish some Catholic scriptural principles. I will start in the Old Testament. David sins. David realizes he has sinned. David repents. Yet, David receives punishment for his sin after he has been forgiven - his child dies.

Catholic Scriptural Principle 1 — there is the possibility of punishment for sin even after one has received forgiveness. Catholic Scriptural Principle 2 — nothing unclean - nothing, in other words, with the stain of sin - will enter Heaven. More Scripture. If the work which any man has built on the foundation [Jesus Christ] survives, he will receive a reward. It must be somewhere else. Nothing with the stain of sin will enter Heaven. And there is a place besides Heaven or Hell where you can suffer loss, yet still be saved, but only as through fire.

Conclusion: Catholic teaching on Purgatory is indeed scriptural.

Now, what about the common sense perspective on Purgatory that I mentioned earlier? Well, think about this: Are you perfect right now? Do you have any attachment to sin? Do you ever get sick? I have asked a whole lot of people that question and I have never had anyone say to me that, yes, they are perfect.

Would you be perfect in Heaven? Yes, you would be. You would be perfectly united to the Body of Christ, no more sin, no more pain, no more anguish, no more illness. Your soul would be free from sin and your body - after the Resurrection of the Dead - would be in its glorified state. You would be perfect in Heaven. Well, think about that. You die imperfect; but you enter Heaven perfect. How did that happen?


There was some process by which the spirit of the just was made perfect. This week I am going to start a series on Apostolic Authority and the Pope. I want to answer some questions such as: Who is the Pope? What is Apostolic Authority? Why is either important to us as Catholics?

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And so on. I want to start off by laying down some fundamental principles about the Church. Some Catholic biblical principles. Before we can properly understand the nature of Apostolic Authority and the role of the Pope, we need to understand the nature and role of the Church.

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The first principle I want to mention is that Jesus founded one Church. He used the word church. One Church. The second principle is that Jesus established an authoritative Church. A Church which can speak authoritatively regarding truth. To know the truth, then, is critical for us as Christians.

To be saved, to reach Heaven, we need to know the truth! So, where do we find this truth? Where do we, as Christians, look for the truth. Well, for the Christian, what is the pillar and bulwark of the truth? The pillar and bulwark of the truth is the Bible, right?

The Bible itself tells us that the pillar and bulwark of the truth is what? The pillar and bulwark of the truth is the Church! Paul says that the Church, not Scripture, is the pillar and bulwark of the truth. So, 1 Tim tells us that the Church is the pillar and bulwark of the truth. In other words, when you go looking for truth, look to the Church.

And, in order to decide on matters of truth, in order to fulfill its role as the pillar and bulwark of truth, the Church has to have - authority! Matthew reads as follows, "If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother. But, if he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, that every word may be confirmed by the evidence of two or three witnesses. If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.

Notice very carefully what this passage does not say! It does not say that we should consult Scripture to decide the dispute. It says to tell it to the Church. The final authority here is the Church. See how it says that if he refuses to listen even to the Church! Here, we see Scripture very plainly telling us that the Church is indeed a church with authority.

If the Church is to speak authoritatively to the world on faith and morals, it has to have authority! So, Principle 2: the Church founded by Jesus Christ is an authoritative Church, it has the authority, from God, to decide disputes on matters of faith and morals. For many non-Catholic Christians, however, the Church does not have authority.

For them, the Church is this invisible entity made up of all true believers, regardless of what denomination they are in. The various churches, or denominations, here on Earth, such as: the Baptist church, the Methodist church, the Presbyterian church, etc. But, they are not THE church. This idea of the church being invisible precludes the church from having any real authority. After all, if the church is invisible, how can it make authoritative decisions on matters in the visible world? For the Catholic Christian, however, we believe that the Church is both visible and invisible The Church is the Body of Christ Eph The Church is the fullness of Christ Eph Jesus, the head of the Body, has both body and soul, he has a physical dimension and a spiritual dimension.

So, it only makes sense that the Church, which is His body, has both body and soul, that it has both a physical dimension as well as a spiritual dimension. So, to say that the Church is merely spiritual, that it is the invisible unity of all believers, that it has a soul but not a body, doesn't make good scriptural sense. Principle 3: the Church is a visible Church, and it is characterized by doctrinal unity in the areas of faith and morals.

In John 17, Jesus prays to the Father at the Last Supper in these words, "The glory which thou hast given me I have given to them [Jesus' followers], that they may be one even as we are one, I in them and thou in me that they may become perfectly one so that the world may know that thou hast sent me The unity that Jesus is talking about here cannot be an invisible unity of all believers, it has to be a visible unity if the world is to see it and know about it. The Church has to be a visible Church! And listen to what Scripture has to say about the visible unity to be found within the Church: Acts , "Now the company of those who believed were of one heart and soul Does God the Father believe, for example, in infant baptism, but God the Son does not?

Okay, then. To sum up what I have said so far: 1 Jesus founded a Church - one Church, 2 the Church is authoritative - it speaks with authority on matters of faith and morals, and 3 the Church is a visible Church, and one of its characteristics must be doctrinal unity in the areas of faith and morals. Now, the question: Why is it so important to establish the authoritative nature of the Church? We can know the truth And, let me give you another example of why it is so important to have an authoritative Church. Think about.

In other words, that the Bible, when properly understood, contains no errors - it is inerrant! So, how do we know that the Bible is inspired? How do we know that it truly comes from God? How do we even know which books are supposed to be in the Bible? Because the Church tells us so. There is no list in the Bible of which books are supposed to be in the Bible.

Do you understand the consequences of that for people who believe in the Bible and the Bible alone? Since the Bible does not have a list in it of which books are supposed to be in the Bible, we have to rely on a source other than the Bible, a non-biblical source, to tell us which books are inspired of God and which are notl And, what do you think that source might be? Next week Continuing this week with a discussion on Apostolic Authority and the Pope.

The Bible, as we Catholics have it today, did not become officially set until more than years after the death of Christ! And, there was no such thing as a Protestant Bible until almost years after the death of Christ! But, again, for the 1st years of Christianity, the New Testament, as we have it today, did not exist - the 27 individual books existed, but they had yet to be put together in a single canonical book that was recognized as inerrant Scripture.

It wasn't as if there were just these 27 books that were written and everyone in the entire world just happened to know that they were inspired by God. There were quite a few other books that people claimed were inspired. Also, some of the books that are in our N. It wasn't until the Synod of Rome, around the year A. Now, there are some who say the Synod of Rome did not produce a canonical list of Scripture. Because in A. The decisions of these councils were then ratified by the Pope. That's how we have the books in the Bible that we have And, even if we had the Bible, we would have no way of knowing it was inspired without the testimony of the Church.

Every Christian today, who accepts the 27 books of the New Testament that the Catholic Church decided upon back in the 4th century, agrees with Catholics regarding the authority of the Church, whether they realize or not - and most of them don't realize it. Most Christians, Catholic or non-Catholic, don't know the history of how we got the Bible. Many, many Christians have never even considered the question: "Where did we get the Bible? But, the answer to both questions is Where did we get the Bible?

From the Church. How do we know the Bible is true? That's just one more example of why it is so important for us to establish the authoritative nature of the Church. Now, let's turn to the question of what exactly is the nature of the Church's authority? Well, probably everyone reading this would say that all authority, inside and outside of the Church, comes from God. Scripture tells us that. So, the authority of the Church is God's authority - plain and simple. But, is there a particular type of authority that we talk about in regards to the Church?

We can find the answer to that question in the Creed we recite every Sunday: "We believe in the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church. And what authority did Jesus give the Apostles? Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations Who gives authority to Jesus? God the Father is the only one who can. How has the Father sent Him?

With all authority in heaven and on earth. So, how were the Apostles sent out? Now we're getting somewhere. Jesus, just before He ascends into Heaven, sends out the Apostles with this very same authority. In other words, when you heard the Apostles pronounce on matters of faith and morals, you were hearing Jesus.

Listen to what Scripture says: Lk , "He who hears you hears me, and he who rejects you rejects me, and he who rejects me rejects Him who sent me. But, that was when Jesus was alive and still with the Apostles; what assurance do we have that that was still true after Jesus ascended into Heaven? Well, in John , we have our answer. And then in verse 26 of John 14, "But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. So, the Apostles were able to teach on faith and morals without error - because they were guided by the Holy Spirit.

And I want to talk for a moment here on the meaning of the word "infallible" in Catholic doctrine. In Catholic theology, if a person is infallible, it means that God will prevent that person from teaching error in the areas of faith and morals. Infallibility has nothing to do with mathematics, with biology, with physics or anything else outside of faith and morals. Infallibility is what is known as a negative protection - it simply prevents error from being taught. Principle 5 - Apostolic authority is an authority that is characterized by the charism, or the gift, of infallibility in the areas of faith and morals.

Continuing this week with a discussion on Apostolic Authority and the Pope In the Acts of the Apostles, ch. In Acts 8, verses it says, "So Philip ran to him, and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and asked, 'Do you understand what you are reading? And listen to this passage in 1 John. Whoever knows God listens to us, and he who is not of God does not listen to us. By this we know the spirit of truth and the spirit of error. Did it say one should pick up the Scriptures on their own and decide all by themselves, on their own authority, what is truth and what is error?

No, you know what is truth vs. As it says in 1 Ptr , these men are those who "preached the good news to you through the Holy Spirit sent from Heaven". The Apostles preached with the authority of God the Father as given to them by Jesus Christ Himself, and they were aided in using this authority by the third person of the Trinity, the Holy Spirit. In other words, they taught infallibly! Now, the next principle that I want to establish, and the last one before I speak directly about the Pope, is the principle of Apostolic succession.

Principle 6: the Apostles passed on their authority, the authority of Jesus Christ, to other men, who then passed on that authority to still other men who followed them. Jesus said to the Apostles, "Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, to the close of the age.

A few things to note about this particular passage: 1 The Apostles are commanded to make disciples of all nations - all nations! All peoples all over the world! And, to enable them to do this, Jesus gives them all authority in Heaven and on Earth. But, for the Apostles, the last of whom died within 60 or 70 years of Jesus' death, this was simply not possible. So, in order for Jesus' command to make any sense, He must have meant it for not only the Apostles, but also for those who were to take the place of the Apostles. And, those who took the place of the Apostles had to have had the same authority as was given to the Apostles, how else could they make disciples of all nations?

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So, the Apostles can go and make disciples of all nations because of Apostolic succession - they live through their successors. Their authority lives through their successors.

And, again, these apostles, these successors of the first apostles, must still have the apostolic authority that was entrusted to the original twelve. Apostolic succession. The second thing to note about Matthew How could Jesus be with the Apostles, to the end of the age if the Apostles did not live to the end of the age? They did not live to the end of the age, but, their successors still live, and will continue to live until the end of the age. The Apostles live to the end of the age through their successors; and, 3, the third thing to note about this passage in Mt 28, is that the mission of the Apostles is a teaching mission - therefore, the mission of the Church is a teaching mission.

Jesus did not say, "Go and write the Scriptures and let everyone read them and decide for themselves what is true. He said to go and teach! Teach what? All that Jesus has commanded. Acts Of having another take his "office". This is very important to understand. The apostles held an office, the office of bishop. Listen to 1 Timothy , "The saying is sure: if any one aspires to the office of bishop The same office our bishops hold today. This means that if one officeholder dies, another should always be appointed to fill the office - it connotes the principle of succession!

You can't have a vacant office! The Apostles were the holders of the highest offices in God's family - which is the Church. So, when Judas turned away and then died, they appointed another to take his place The same happened with all the Apostles. When they died, others were appointed to take their office. The Apostles were the first bishops.

They appointed, or ordained, others bishops as well. In other words, as the Church grew, they continually created new offices and ordained men to fill those offices. Next week: Apostolic Succession and the Pope Where else can we see Apostolic Succession in action? Part 4 We can see it very clearly in Paul's letters to Timothy and Titus - two bishops he had appointed.

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Paul, as we shall see in a minute, is passing on authority to Timothy as a "father" passes it on to a "son". In other words, as an inheritance. An inheritance that does not pass away. This inheritance, then, would one day be passed on to Timothy's successors. Titus , "To Titus, my true child in a common faith